First and foremost try to avoid wearing your diamond ring or other jewelry while cleaning dust or working in kitchen since the stubborn dust particles might stick to your precious stone.
Sweat, perfume and other chemicals like henna etc. can alter the color of gold.
Be careful while you are applying cream for your dry skin because diamonds are prone to getting discoloured by getting exposure to such components. Even though the effect is not permanent, it will temporarily discolour the gorgeous stone.
Excessive oil and grime can cause prongs to loosen and you can lose a stone from your favourite jewelry piece. Keep checking the setting and mounts to ensure that everything is intact. You can also get it fixed from your jeweller if you feel the prongs are loosening.
If you are cleaning the jewelry at home, be careful to not be harsh on the set stones. Best way is to soak jewelry overnight in water and soap solution and rinse the next day. Clean with soft cloth gently and brush off the stuck dirt.
Luke warm water is best for cleaning jewelry, although it is complete NO for pearls, kundan and enamel jewelry.
Toothpaste is another great option for cleaning plain gold jewelry. Avoid using bleach at all costs.
It is recommended to wrap your jewelry in soft tissues before storing them. Tissue paper absorbs moisture hence avoiding any kind of discolouration of stones.
Every piece of jewelry should be stored separately, preferably lined with cloth or velvet.
Gemstones are softer than diamonds, thus needs extra care while wearing as well as storing.
Preserve pearls in a soft cloth or tissue. Store each pearl jewelry individually because the friction between the pearls can scratch each other, thus leading to a loss in lustre.
Pearl necklaces need to be re-strung from time to time as the thread weakens making it susceptible to breaking.
Never put any piece of diamond, gemstone, kundan, polki or enamel jewelry in hot water.